Ciencia y tecnología en la Cartagena del siglo XIXla academia médico-farmacéutica de Cartagena.Su restauracion en el siglo XXI,como academia de farmacia

Supervised by:
  1. Stella Moreno Grau Director
  2. Joaquín Roca Dorda Co-director

Defence university: Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena

Fecha de defensa: 04 May 2009

  1. Joaquín Moreno Clavel Chair
  2. Pedro Luis Martínez Hernández Secretary
  3. Benito del Castillo García Committee member
  4. María Cascales Angosto Committee member
  5. Isabel Olmos Sánchez Committee member
  1. Ingeniería Química y Ambiental

Type: Thesis


In this PhD thesis, we have studied the genesis of academic movements in different parts of the world and how these types of movement have become consolidated or have been created in Spain since the 17th century. We then go on to focus on the evolution of the Academies of Pharmacy in this country. We have observed that these academic movements have been produced not only in the capital city of Spain; manifestations of this kind have been produced all over the country. The study has focused on those produced in the city of Cartagena. However, before commencing the study of these movements, we analyze the characteristics that have arisen in Cartagena related to the economic, social, political and cultural aspects that have enabled these initiatives to continue for some 250 years now. Curiously, these initiatives have always been related to Health Sciences. Finally, starting out from an idea by Dr Cascales Angosto, we have analyzed how the Santa María de España Academy of Pharmacy of the Region of Murcia, with its headquarters in Cartagena, was created in 2002. The most interesting contributions of the study worth highlighting are the following. We have managed to document unpublished information regarding the functioning of these Academies, their evolution over time and the possible causes of the ceasing of activities. We have likewise located, in accessible public libraries, the Semanario Literario y Curioso de Cartagena (Literary and Curious Weekly Magazine of Cartagena) (1786-1788), the journal of La Unión de las Ciencias Médicas (The Union of Medical Sciences ) (1881-1884) and Noticias Médicas (Medical News) (1921-1936), which report activities developed by the movements we have studied. We believe that life, i.e., the city, with its people, activities and social and economic fabric, cannot be separated from the existence of these movements. We have wished to illustrate these relations and bring to light a rich cultural past.