Measurement techniques enhancements for MIMO 4G mobile communication systemsextension of mode stirred reverberation chambers (MSRCS) emulation capabilities

Supervised by:
  1. Antonio Manuel Martínez González Director

Defence university: Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena

Fecha de defensa: 09 November 2012

  1. Manuel Sierra Castañer Chair
  2. David Sánchez Hernández Secretary
  3. C. Decroze Committee member
  1. Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones

Type: Thesis


Mobile communications have experienced a brutal raise over the past 15 years. What started as a voice communication system (GSM or 2G) has finished yet as a data communication system of any kind, which in some cases has come to replace the conventional cabled data access infrastructure. This change in the use given to mobile devices necessarily entails a change in the underlying technology, which should be capable to provide the transmission speeds that these new applications require. This has emerged in recent years an increasing interest in multiple antenna techniques, usually referred as multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques, as they increase the spectral efficiency (and thus the transmission rate for a given bandwidth) of wireless systems. In this thesis, some of the factors limiting the ideal advantages of these multi-antenna techniques are studied, in order to quantify the differences between the ideal behavior of 4G devices and behavior that users will experience in actual use conditions. The effect that the user has on the final performance of the devices is one of the main limitations that these devices are in daily use. Mobile phones are used in almost all of the time in the vicinity of the user, causing a decrease in the richness of the multipath electromagnetic environment (and thus a reduction of the MIMO benefits). As a result of this reduction, the number of signal paths that reach the user is also reduced. In this thesis both factors (user influence and influence of the number of signal paths) will be studied both for passive devices (antenna prototypes) and active devices (commercial phones). The second part of this thesis consist on the study of how to transfer some of these factors reducing the isotropicity of the environment, to one of the most promising measurement techniques, as it is the mode-stirred chamber (MSRC). This technique emulates naturally an isotropic rich multipath environment with the signal strength following a Rayleigh distribution. However, in this thesis, two new techniques are proposed that allow the emulation of less isotropic environments without altering the basic operating principle of the MSRC.