Lack of skills, knowledge and competences in Higher Education about Industry 4.0 in the manufacturing sector

  1. Romero Gázquez, José Luis 1
  2. Bueno Delgado, María Victoria 1
  3. Ortega Gras, Juan José 2
  4. Garrido Lova, Josefina 2
  5. Gómez Gómez, María Victoria 3
  6. Zbiec, Marcin 4
  1. 1 Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena (UPCT)
  2. 2 Centro Tecnológico del Mueble y la Madera de la Región de Murcia (CETEM)
  3. 3 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
  4. 4 The Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS)
RIED: revista iberoamericana de educación a distancia

ISSN: 1138-2783

Year of publication: 2021

Issue Title: Monográfico. Tecnologías avanzadas para afrontar el reto de la innovación educativa

Volume: 24

Issue: 1

Pages: 285-313

Type: Article


More publications in: RIED: revista iberoamericana de educación a distancia


In this paper, the authors present a complete analysis carried out for reporting the lack, needs and requested competences and skills on the Key Enabling Technologies (KETs) of the Industry 4.0 (I4.0) in both Higher Education (HE) as well as in the wood, furniture and manufacturing sector all over Europe. Moreover, this analysis evaluates the level of implementation in this specific sector considering latest technological trends. The analysis was performed within the framework of the European project MAKING 4.0, where a complete set of surveys were launched to agents who were directly involved in the wood, furniture and manufacturing sector to find out what their impressions are about the current knowledge and the one demanded by the I4.0, obtaining results where the low level of competences and qualifications in this industrial sector is demonstrated, both in education and in industry, as well as the poor training offered in I4.0 and its KETs. It is concluded that there is an evident technological skills gap between those acquired by workers and by Vocational Education Training (VET) and HE students regards the demands of the I4.0, which must be covered within the next years, through training initiatives, enabling and acquisition of needed competences such as, for example, MAKING 4.0.

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