El principio formal femenino en la arquitectura funeraria arcaica y antigua

  1. García Sánchez, Rafael
  2. Cerezuela Bastida, Sergio
  3. Jiménez González, Francisco Joaquín
Journal:
Cuadernos de Música, Artes Visuales y Artes Escénicas

ISSN: 2215-9959

Year of publication: 2018

Issue Title: Sexualidad y Género

Volume: 13

Issue: 1

Pages: 135-148

Type: Article

More publications in: Cuadernos de Música, Artes Visuales y Artes Escénicas

Abstract

During a thousand-year tradition paintings and sculptures of magical and religious nature were carried out, whose shapes and geometric paths kept a singular relationship with the female anatomy. Before the man was properly a conscious builder, exclusively, that analogy was, the parietal paintings and statuettes and Paleolithic reliefs. We aim demonstrate that from the Neolithic age, the principle and foundation of the feminine also will reach the design of some of the most representative graves and funerary enclosures. This will be some of the reasons that led the Neolithic craftsmen to keep alive that Paleolithic tradition. The methodology we used consists of establishing the perception that had life, death, the feminine and the sacred as a formal cause. To this end we will continue to the classical authors of anthropology, history of religions, archeology, philosophy of culture and art and architecture historians who have made simultaneous reference to the issues of life, death, the feminine and the antique and archaic art. Finally and as a result, we will note, the singular analogy and formal relationship between female, vital, the religious experience of death and the artistic and the architectural. To this end, paradigmatic examples of archaic and ancient buildings will be showcased in order to prove the existence of an extrinsic active principle that explains the female dimension of the funerary architectural form. As a result, they will be highlighting the formal analogy with the woman’s body