New empirical insights into conflicting claims problems

  1. José-Manuel Giménez-Gómez
  2. M. Carmen Marco-Gil
  3. Juan-Francisco Sánchez-García
SERIEs : Journal of the Spanish Economic Association

ISSN: 1869-4195

Ano de publicación: 2022

Volume: 13

Número: 4

Páxinas: 709-738

Tipo: Artigo

Outras publicacións en: SERIEs : Journal of the Spanish Economic Association


The present paper aims to explore the perception of fairness in conflicting claims problems (O’Neill in Math Soc Sci 2(4):345–371, 1982). To do so, we present a questionnaire given to a large heterogeneous group of people (students, employees, retirees). Distributive justice criteria are studied through different ways of distributing scarce resources, and we analyse whether the population’s response patterns are conditioned by specific features of the economic context. We find that proportional allocation is generally considered the fairest way of distributing resources. However, the principle of proportionality is abandoned by part of the population when claims represent needs and claimants have scarce resources. Moreover, we observe that age, employment status and education levels significantly influence the perception of fairness.