La Semana Santa de Orihuelaarte, historia y patrimonio cultural

  1. Cecilia Espinosa, Mariano
Supervised by:
  1. Manuel Pérez Sánchez Director

Defence university: Universidad de Murcia

Fecha de defensa: 24 July 2014

Committee:
  1. Cristóbal Belda Navarro Chair
  2. Joaquín Cánovas Belchí Secretary
  3. María del Mar Nicolás Martínez Committee member
  4. Elías Hernández Albaladejo Committee member
  5. Francisco Javier de la Plaza Santiago Committee member

Type: Thesis

Abstract

This doctoral dissertation aims to study and analyse the origins of the Easter Processions in the city of Orihuela, their evolution along the 17th and 18th centuries, and the changes undertaken during the Contemporary Age. This tradition began in the second half of the 16th century in the extramural Cathedral Chapel of St. María del Loreto, during the Counter-Reformation and in a historical moment of great splendour for the city. At that moment, Orihuela was head of governance, emerging Episcopal See and main university centre of the Valencian Noon. In this study the theological, devotional and cultural -cults, beliefs and devotional practices- background has been analysed in first place. Such background led to the origin of the primitive Easter Processions, as well as their historical evolution, the changes undertaken and the received influences, especially from Murcia, from an aesthetic and artistic point of view. Easter in Orihuela, as immaterial cultural heritage and highest expression of popular religiosity, is associated with a wide range of material patrimony: the images, the craftsmanship, the architecture and the historical city as a unique scenery where the passionate expressions take place and, year after year, evoke the Passion of the Christ, in the way it was conceived by its people along their history. All the aforementioned elements of the material patrimony of the city were the means of expression of individual and collective beliefs about life, death and the hope of Resurrection: a living testimony of past societies. Easter in Orihuela, as immaterial cultural heritage and highest expression of popular religiosity, is associated with a wide range of material patrimony: the images, the craftsmanship, the architecture and the historical city as a unique scenery where the passionate expressions take place and, year after year, evoke the Passion of the Christ, in the way it was conceived by its people along their history. All the aforementioned elements of the material patrimony of the city were the means of expression of individual and collective beliefs about life, death and the hope of Resurrection: a living testimony of past societies. This entire cultural heritage is analysed, studied and put into context within the geographical framework of this own study as a contribution to the Art History of the city of Orihuela.